Dating rules calling after date
This room and another retired chamber, to which they might go freely, were to be so closed in that no one could go in or out unobserved, nor anyone from without speak secretly with any cardinal.
And if anyone from without had aught to say, it must be on the business of the election and with the knowledge of all the cardinals present.
3, in VI°, I, 6), since which time all papal elections have taken place in conclave.
If these five days elapsed without an election, only bread, wine, and water should be their fare.
Collegio in occasione della vacanza dell'Apostolica Sede" (10 January, 1878).
As a matter of fact these precautions, taken in view of the danger of interference by secular governments, have so far been unnecessary, and elections of popes take place as they always did since the law of the conclave became finally effective.
The Council of Constance (1417) modified the rules of the conclave to such an extent that the cardinals of the three "obediences" took part in it as well as six prelates from each of the five nations.
This precedent (which however resulted happily in the election of the Roman, Martin V) is perhaps the reason why Julius II (1512), Paul III (1542), Pius IV (1561), and Pius IX (1870) provided that in case of their death during an ecumenical council the election of the new pope should be in the hands of the cardinals, not in those of the council.During the election they might receive nothing from the papal treasury, nor introduce any other business unless some urgent necessity arose imperilling the Church or its possessions.